HISTORY OF EDO STATE, NIGERIA  

 

The history of Edo State of Nigeria was complied and presently at the 1999 Family Dance of the Edo State Association of Nigerians in Canada by 

Mrs. Mercy Iyamu.

Edo State, the heartbeat of Nigeria historical development, was created in 1991 out of the former Bendel State Nigeria. Edo State is bounded by Delta State in the east and Ondo State in the west, Kwara State in the north and Atlantic Ocean in the south. Edo State with its capital in Benin-City, is located in the southern part of Nigeria. The state is divided into seventeen Local Government areas to ease governance.

    The local government areas are as follows:

  • Oredo Local Government with headquarter in Benin City

  • Ikopba-Okha Local Government with headquarter in Idogbo

  • Ego Local Government with headquarter in Usele

  • Ovia South Local Government with headquarter in Iguobazuwa

  • Ovia North Local Government with headquarter in Okada

  • Uhunmwonde Local Government with headquarter in Ehor

  • Orhionmwon Local Government with headquarter in Abudu

  • Esan Central Local Government with headquarter in Inua

  • Esan North-East Local Government with headquarter in Uromi

  • Esan North-West Local Government with headquarter in Ubiaja

  • Esan South-West Local Government with headquarter in Ekpoma

  • Owan West Local Government with its headquarter at Afuze

  • Owan East Local Government with headquarter in Sabongida-Ora

  • Etsako Central Local Government with headquarter in Auchi

  • Etsako North Local Government with headquarter in Fuga

  • Akoko Edo Local Government with headquarter at Igarra

  • Igueben Local Government with headquarter in Igueben

ETHNIC GROUPS

The ethnic groups in Edo State are Edo, Esan, Owan, and Etsako

EDUCATION

Edo State believes that the children of today are the leaders of tomorrow, and so invest money on education by establishing good schools and universities. The University of Benin, and the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, located in Benin-City have produced some reputable Medical Doctors, Engineers, Scientiests, etc. Edo State University, Ekpoma was founded by the late Professor Ambrose Ali of blessed memory. Another university was recently approved to be established at Okada in Ovia North Local Government.

    Other institutions of learning in Edo State are:

  • Federal Polytechnic, Auchi

  • College of Education, Ekiadolor,

  • School of Physical Education, Afuze

  • College of Education, Iguoriakhi.

OCCUPATIONS

The people of Edo State are great farmers who produce cash crops such as:

  • Rice - produced at Ekpoma

  • Cocoa - produced at the Cocoa Research Institute in Sabongida Orah (Sub-Station)

  • Rubber - produced at the Rubber Research Institute, Iyanomo, Benin-City

  • Palm Oil - produced at the Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (NIFOR) in Edo North Local Government area

  • Grinding Rock - produced at the Guarry Station for Rock Grinding in Igarra

  • Cement - produced at Ukpilla Cement Factory in Ukpilla

  • Palm Oil - produced at Okomu Oil Plant in Benin-City

  • Crude Oil - produced at Ogo Niyekorhiomwon.

TOURIST CENTERS

Edo State also has tourist centres at Ubiaja, Igara, and Benin Museum and Archives, the Benin Boat, Benin Bronze Casting Articrafts. The Carving Industries attracts tourist world to Nigeria all year round.

GOVERNMENT

Edo State is presently democratically governed by Chief Lucky Noskhare Igbinedion, and also traditionally governed by Oba Erediuwa, Enogies and Chiefs. The people of Edo State are proud preservers of tradition and cultural heritage e.g. Festivals, Masquerade such as "Igbabo Nelimin", greetings, respect for elders, solemnization of marriages and birth of children are also celebrated.

 

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